Fishing and pollution caused by fishing are the main factors contributing to the deterioration of ocean health and water quality.
Ghost nets, or nets abandoned in the ocean, are made of plastic and nylon and don't decay, wreaking havoc on wildlife and the ecosystems they disrupt. Sustainable fishing respects marine ecosystems and adapts to the reproduction rate of fish to maintain a balance and ensure the survival of all species. Sustainable seafood is the most environmentally efficient source of protein on the planet. In the United States, both wild-caught and farmed fish and shellfish are managed according to a system of mandatory and environmentally responsible practices.
Both wild-caught and farmed fish are essential to ensure that sustainable supplies of seafood are available to our nation and the world. Sustainable fishing means leaving enough fish in the ocean and protecting threatened habitats and species. By protecting the oceans, people who rely on fishing can maintain their livelihoods.
Lots of Fish in the SeaAccording to the NOAA Fisheries Service, the most abundant fish in the ocean are small, bristly deep water mouths. Tagbanua fish for specific species only during certain times of the year, determined by the tides and the moon, allowing fish stocks to replenish.
These forced trips, in turn, create new problems, such as the overexploitation of other fishing grounds and the outbreak of territorial conflicts, especially on the coasts of Africa, Latin America and South and Northeast Asia, the continent with the highest fishing activity in the world. In the Philippines, the Tagbanua people have traditionally employed fishing practices that simultaneously capture and maintain fish stocks.
Sustainable Fishing PracticesThere are ways to fish sustainably, allowing us to enjoy seafood while at the same time ensuring that populations remain for the future. This is confirmed by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in one of its latest reports, which advocates a sustainable fishing model to ensure the survival of species and fishing activity. Demand for seafood and advances in technology have led to fishing practices that are exhausting fish and shellfish stocks around the world.
Seine fishing uses a net to bring fish together and then wrap them around by pulling the cord of the net. This fishing method is considered sustainable because it focuses on one fish at a time and produces very few bycatches. The net can pick up many fish at a time and is usually used to catch fish in formation or those that come together to spawn.